Idries Shah was born in 1923 and died in 2006. He was a Sufi mystic, writer, teacher, and social reformer, as well as a poet and playwright. The teachings of Sufism have been termed as the Third Way between traditional Islamic thought and Western rationalism, as his teachings were an amalgamation of both. The central theme of his work was all that is good in human life: family, community, nationhood, or humanity
He believed that people could be saved from the destruction caused by capitalism and communism through a return to a more traditional form of spirituality based on love.