Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was the history's foremost polymath during the Founding era. He facilitated many civic organizations, including Philadelphia's fire department and its hospital. He founded the University of Pennsylvania and served as its President for over 40 years
Franklin became one of the first members of America's First Junto society. He forged an extensive network that included southern aristocrats William Craven and Thomas Cooper (the two men who would found the London Company). As a political theorist, he had great impact on early American politics and government.